Artificial pesticides are a huge factor in environmental pollution. They strip the soil of their naturally occurring nutrients, and their long-term use leads to desertification and water contamination. That gives us quite a few reasons to prefer natural pesticides over chemical ones. So here are facts to keep in mind when transitioning into organic farming.
Structure for organic farming
Plan the structure for an organic farm. The key to organic farming is extensive research and being able to implement it. If you’re completely new at this, build connections with experienced farmers. Learn the basics of organic farming and study the transition from conventional agriculture. Then create a structure for your organic farm, keeping in mind aspects like costs, land, market, etc.
Understand your soils
There is a considerable variation in soils of a conventional farm and an organic farm. Making a transition can be tricky, and many things need to be kept in mind while in terms of soil, such as nutrients and pest control. Many farmers advise split farming which includes growing conventional crops and organic crops side-by-side and then making a slow transition. Organic farming is much more than simply replacing synthetic inputs with natural ones. After replacing the chemical pesticides with organic ones or handmade manure, a lot of fertility building needs to be done.
Know your crops
It is essential to identify the crops that are well suited for your land, keeping in mind its current soil structure, terrain, and weather. Once settled on the list, start to estimate your costs. The market for organic foods is substantially different from conventional ones. The pricing is higher, and timelines are broader. This is mainly because of the nutritional disparities.
The pest control methods used in conventional farming make the vegetables devoid of their natural nutrients. It is the same reason why organic vegetables are given so much importance and are costlier. Agricultural land areas tend to attract a wider range of fauna, which also helps control some unwanted insects. Chemical pesticides used in conventional farming can kill both good and harmful insects. This is where the fundamental difference lies. It alters the biodiversity and causes many severe challenges for the land. Methods like biological control and crop rotation, used by organic framers and gardens, are natural processes that work in harmony with the environment. Organic farming requires consistent attention throughout the year, and the process can feel overwhelming. But remember to be patient, and sow your way through the rough lands.